Karvan-e-Aman bus, major Confidence Building Measure (CBM) between India and Pakistan after 1999 Kargil War, continues despite unrest in Kashmir and tension on the LoC, due to ceasefire violation and subsequent surgical strike by Indian troops in the POK.
Despite opposition by militant organizations, it has helped thousands of families, divided in 1947 due to Partition, to meet each other after India and Pakistan agreed to allow travel of state subjects from both sides on travel permits, instead of international passport. And here are 6 interesting facts about Kavan-e-Aman Bus :
- The bus service was officially launched on April 7, 2005 and was flagged-off by the Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh.
- It’s a weekly bus operating between Srinagar and Muzaffarabad, capital of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK).
- The bus runs a distance of 170 kilometres (110 mi).
- In India, all citizens would have to apply at the Regional Passport Office in Srinagar, which was the designated authority to evaluate applications, verify identities and issue entry permits. However, only state subjects from both sides could avail the cross-LoC facility
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- Travel permit is issued to the state subject from both sides of the LoC only after their names are cleared by the intelligence agencies from India and Pakistan.
- The idea of the Srinagar–Muzaffarabad Bus was inspired by the success of the Delhi–Lahore Bus, established in 1999, as well as other cross-border transport initiatives such as the Samjhauta Express and the Thar Express.